Study 4 Presentation 

The Story also talks about five movements that take part in God’s Story: 

Movement 1: The Story of the Garden (Genesis 1-11) 

Movement 2: The Story of Israel (Genesis 12 – Malachi) 

Movement 3: The Story of Jesus (Matthew – John)

Movement 4: The Story of the Church (Acts – Jude) 

Movement 5: The Story of a New Garden (Revelation) 


Why would God promise Israel a land only to take them to Egypt? 

Why would God allow this covenant community to become brutally enslaved to a pagan world superpower? 

This Lower Story is best understood through the Upper Story of God’s unique power to redeem. He allowed Israel to be stripped of any reliance upon human strength to show a helpless Israel that He could be trusted to save them from any earthly or “heavenly” power. They were simply to believe and obey. Their redemption would come by God’s mighty hand and their faith response to His revelation. 

The two main events of the whole Bible are the Exodus and the Christ. The importance of either should not be underestimated. The first event points directly to the second. 

Throughout Chapter 4, some key repeated phrases stand out. God said repeatedly that His actions were so that “they may know that I am the LORD.” God desires to be in a relationship with us. Israel was to see God’s mighty deliverance so that in the future they could trust Him to deliver from any circumstance. If God could smite Egypt, then there would be no enemy that could threaten Israel

I. Background 

A. Israelites multiplied rapidly 

i. Goshen – extremely fertile, flooding of the lower Nile basin 

B. Advantages for Egypt 

i. Migratory workers – frequent flooding – workers moved with the seasons – Hebrews were skilled shepherds, farmers, craftsmen, warriors 

ii. Front line defense for Egypt – Goshen protected interior of Egypt 

C. Disadvantages for Egypt 

i. Hebrews became a threat – numbers increased – subjected to forced labor – used Hebrew overseers 

D. Change in Pharaonic Dynasties – difficult to date the Exodus – theory: Semitic Pharoahs, the Hyksos, ruled over Egypt; 1540 BC Kamose led an Egyptian revolt against the Hyksos. His son, Ahmose, captured the Hyksos capital of Avarsis and drove out the Hyksos; explains why the new pharaoh didn’t know Joseph or as The Story says, Pharaoh to whom Joseph meant nothing 

II. Moses 

A. Childhood 

i. Tribe of Levi 

ii. Second son – under a death sentence 

iii. Protected by mother 

iv. Ark – second time Ark is used in Scripture – floating sanctuary 

v. Pharaoh’s daughter – finds Moses 

vi. Miriam – Moses’ sister, watching over Moses, offers to find a nurse – Moses’ mother 

B. Training 

i. Raised as a Prince – brother to the Pharaoh elect 

ii. Raised as a Hebrew – know his people and their history 

C. Murders an Egyptian – oppressing a Hebrew – Moses the deliverer 

D. Escapes from Egypt – under a death sentence 

E. Wilderness 

i. 40 years old 

ii. Reuel (Jethro), priest of Midian 

1. Seven daughters – Moses protects them from other shepherds – Moses the deliverer (an Egyptian) 

2. Marries a daughter, Zipporah 

a. Sons – firstborn Gershom 

F. Encounters God 

i. Burning Bush 

ii. God Says 

1. I have seen 

2. I have heard 

3. I am concerned 

4. I have come down 

5. I am sending you 

iii. God Reveals 

1. Personal name 

2. “I Am That I Am” – I Am for short: Yahweh – in the English Bibles LORD in all capitals is Yahweh 

a. Self-Existent One 

b. Covenant God 

c. Revelation: The One who is, and who was, and who is to come 

Hebrews had been worshiping Egyptian gods – Atum, the creator god, created the world and created the gods of Egypt to rule over creation – Hebrews may have confused this god with the true God of their fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob – preserved the stories but where had God been for the past 400 plus years 

G. Moses’ Excuses 

i. Not a good speaker 

ii. Send someone else 

iii. Unspoken reasons – 80 years old; 40 years away from being the Egyptian deliverer 

H. God’s answer 

i. Chose Moses 

ii. Aaron will help – good speaker – also Miriam will help 

iii. Miracles – snake and leprosy 

III. Pharaoh 

A. Willing to listen to Moses – different pharaoh 

B. Hardens his heart 

C. God hardens his heart 

IV. Miracles 

A. Staff – symbol of authority; Pharaoh’s ornate scepters – flail and shepherds crook vs. Moses crude shepherd’s staff 

B. Snake – snake was protector of Pharaoh – Moses’ snake swallows the snakes produced by the magicians 

V. Plagues 

With each plague, God graciously revealed Himself to Egypt as the One True God. These were not random plagues. Each one specifically targeted at least one of the Egyptian gods, including Pharaoh, who was thought to be a deity. Thus, the God of Israel is the only God to know and fear. 

A. Nile turned to blood – Hapi and Isis, god and goddess of the Nile; Osiris, god of resurrection and life – Nile was his bloodstream – Magicians – all Egypt 

B. Frogs – Haget, goddess of childbirth and fertility (who had a frog head) – Magicians – all Egypt 

C. Gnats – Set, god of the desert; Geb, god of earth and harvest – Magicians fail – all Egypt 

D. Flies – Re, sun god, or Uatchit, possibly represented by a fly; Nephthys, goddess of the household – Only Egypt 

E. Death of livestock – Hathor, mother goddess with cow head; Apis, the bull god of fertility – Only Egypt

F. Boils – Sekhmet, goddess of disease; Sunu, pestilence god; Thoth, god of wisdom and medicine – Only Egypt 

G. Hail – Nut, sky goddess; Set, god of storms; Isis, goddess of agriculture – Only Egypt 

H. Locusts – Osiris, god of crops and fertility; Isis, goddess of fertility; Min, god of agriculture and fertility – Only Egypt (not specific in the Bible) 

I. 3 Days of Darkness – Amun Re, the creator and sun god; Horus, a sun god and god of war – Only Egypt 

J. Death of Firstborn – Osiris, god of resurrection and life; Isis, goddess who protected children; Nekhbet, goddess who protected the Pharaoh from birth onward, including the crown prince; Pharaoh’s firstborn son, a god – Only those protected by blood – Pharaoh was to preserve order and keep the world from reverting to chaos – utter failure 

VI. Passover 

A. Sacrifice of lamb – challenge to Egyptian gods – ram was sacred to the gods of Egypt – represented Amun Re, creator god 

B. Blood on the doorposts – angel of death would pass over 

C. Special meal – Seder

VII. Exodus 

A. 430 years in Egypt 

B. Led by God – pillar of fire and cloud – leave Egypt and leave everything that Egypt stood for 

C. Pillage Egypt 

VIII. Pharaoh Pursues 

A. Israelites led back – move toward Pharaoh’s army 

B. Trapped against water 

IX. God Intervenes 

A. Stand firm – see what God is about to do 

B. God stands between Egypt and Israel 

C. Moses parts the water 

D. Israel crosses on dry ground 

E. Egyptians pursue – God moves away so the Egyptians can pursue – chariot wheels encounter mud 

F. Water closes over them – army is destroyed 

G. Pharaoh’s disgrace – creation myth: order created as a bubble of life in the midst of watery chaos; Pharaoh was to lead the priests in worshipping the gods in order to maintain order and keep the waters of chaos from crashing down and destroying order 

X. Journey to Sinai 

A. Marah – bitter water made sweet 

B. Elim – 12 springs of water and shade 

C. Desert of Sin – manna (what is it?) and quail 

D. Rephidim – move the nation in shifts – no water – Moses takes the elders to the rock at Horeb (Mt. Sinai) – strike the rock – river of water flowing back to the Israelites – camps named Massah and Meribeth E. Amalekites – attack the rear of the Israelites; Joshua attacks; prevail as long as Moses holds up his staff; tires so Aaron and Hur support Moses’ arms – command to destroy the Amalekites 

XI. Applications 

A. Obedience of Moses – repeatedly “did as the LORD commanded” – hesitancy changes to obedience 

B. Only one God 

C. God is in the details 

D. Redemption points to Jesus – Exodus and Jesus’ Departure (Exodus) – blood is shed for forgiveness and redemption 

E. New life through Jesus’ blood 

Exodus 3:13-14 (ESV) 

13 Then Moses said to God, “If I come to the people of Israel and say to them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ what shall I say to them?” 

14 God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And he said, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’”