Study 19 Presentation 

The Story also talks about five movements that take part in God’s Story: 

Movement 1: The Story of the Garden (Genesis 1-11) 

Movement 2: The Story of Israel (Genesis 12 – Malachi) 

Movement 3: The Story of Jesus (Matthew – John) 

Movement 4: The Story of the Church (Acts – Jude) 

Movement 5: The Story of a New Garden (Revelation) 


The Return Home 

Assyria – destroyed the Northern Kingdom 

Policy: Deport inhabitants and import people from other parts of the empire 

Result: Intermarriage between remaining people and the imports Israelites intermarried with foreigners = Samaritans 


Babylon – defeated the Southern Kingdom 

Policy: Deport many of the inhabitants into Babylon 

Result: Some Jews were able to remain in Judah under Babylonian rule Some Jews were able to do well in Babylon 



Policy: Some tolerance for Jews within the Empire Repatriate aliens back to their homelands 

Result: Some chose to remain in Persia and some chose to go back to the homelands 



Policy: Resettle Judah Rebuild the temple 

Result: Conflict with those in the land 


Timeless Truth: God’s Grace Always Provides a Fresh Start 

I. Persian Rule 

A. Persian King Cyrus defeats Babylonian King Belshazzar – 539 BC 

B. Darius 

1. King Darius serves as governor of Babylon – Daniel and friends 

2. Persian King Darius – follows King Cambyses, son of Cyrus who was less enthusiastic about people returning to their homelands 

C. Cyrus allows Jews to return to Jerusalem – 538-537 BC 

1. Jews approach Cyrus 

2. Prophecy from Isaiah 

a) Messiah: Isaiah 44:28; 45:1 

b) Proclamation: 2 Chronicles 36, Ezra 1:1 

II. Zerubbabel 

A. Grandson of Jehoiachin – next to last king; great-great-grandson of Josiah 

1. Jehoiachin had remained in Babylon after his release (37 years) 

2. Last political ruler from the line of David B. 50,000 return to Jerusalem 

C. Neighbors contribute with gifts 

D. Temple articles returned 

III. Temple 

A. Build an altar 

B. Festival of Tabernacles 

1. One of three required festivals 

C. Foundation of Temple 

1. Joy and weeping 

IV. Neighboring People 

A. Seek to join 

1. Worshipping Yahweh? 

a) Idolatry mixed in 

B. Seek to discourage 

1. Bribery 

2. Slander 

3. Fear 

V. Haggai 

A. Six years of work 

B. Ten years paused 

C. Word of the Lord 

1. Give careful thoughts to your ways 

D. Zerubbabel and Joshua – Joshua was high priest 

VI. Zechariah 

A. Temple 

B. Restoration of the nation 

C. Day of the Lord

VII. Opposition 

A. Report to Darius 

1. Negative report 

B. Royal archives searched 

C. God’s hand 

1. Cyrus’s decree 

2. You help pay the expenses 

3. Punishment of death – to those opposing 

VIII. Temple Completed 

A. March 12, 516 BC – 70 years after it was destroyed 

B. 3 ½ years – to complete after the hiatus 

C. Dedication 

IX. Applications 

A. Set Priorities – be clear on what is most important 

B. Measure Progress – time and money often indicate our priorities 

C. Adjust as Needed – strategies may need to change based on circumstances 

D. Face Obstacles – endurance and focus is needed when obstacles arise 

E. Listen – wise words can come from sources sent by God 

F. Trust God – this is most important; Scripture, prayer, listening