Study 10 Presentation 

The Story also talks about five movements that take part in God’s Story: 

Movement 1: The Story of the Garden (Genesis 1-11) 

Movement 2: The Story of Israel (Genesis 12 – Malachi) 

Movement 3: The Story of Jesus (Matthew – John) 

Movement 4: The Story of the Church (Acts – Jude) 

Movement 5: The Story of a New Garden (Revelation) 

Standing Tall, Falling Hard 

Trusting in the Lord 

Throughout this story we see contrasts between those who trusted and obeyed the Lord and those who didn’t 

Hannah and Peninah 

Samuel and Eli 

Israel and the Philistines 

Samuel and Saul 

End of the time of the Judges, when people did what was right in their own eyes, even during Samuel’s leadership; and the Word of the Lord was rare in those days 

Timeless Truth: Obedience Matters 

I. Hannah and Peninah 

A. Elkanah – a Levite, from Ramah on the border between Ephraim and Benjamin – two wives 

i. Hannah – barren but loved by husband; may have been the first wife 

ii. Peninah – sons and daughters; like Leah, not loved as much but provided children; 

B. Pious family – regular worship in Shiloh 

C. Conflict in the family – jealousy and resentment; like Leah and Rachel 

D. Hannah – means “a woman of grace” 

i. Vow to the Lord – dedicate son to the Lord 

ii. Persistent prayer – Eli saw her praying and thought she was drunk 

iii. Blessed with a son – followed by 3 more sons and 2 daughters 

iv. Song – worship; prophecy – seems to indicate what will happen 

II. Samuel and Eli 

A. Samuel – presented to the Lord as a young boy 

i. Visited yearly – by mom and dad; new robe 

ii. Serving the Lord – under Eli’s direction 

iii. Grows in stature and favor of God and man 

B. Eli – faithful to the Lord 

i. Hophni and Phineas – disobedient sons; perverted the priesthood 

ii. Rebukes sons – they don’t listen 

iii. Warned by a prophet – judgment is coming on your house; your sons will die on the same day 

C. Call of Samuel 

i. God’s voice – in the night; Samuel thinks it is Eli; three times 

ii. Eli’s advice – “Speak Lord, for your servant is listening”

iii. Lord speaks – judgment on Eli’s house is repeated 

iv. Prophet – acknowledged by the people and listened by them 

III. Israel and the Philistines 

A. Warfare 

i. Israel losing 

ii. Ark of the Covenant – brought to the battle; not by God’s command 

iii. Philistines fear – Israelites are celebrating 

B. Defeat i. Israel is routed 

ii. Ark captured 

iii. Eli’s sons are killed 

iv. Eli’s death – hears about the ark; heavy; falls backward and breaks his neck 

C. Ark 

i. Temple of Dagon – demonstrate that Israel’s god served their god 

ii. Statue of Dagon – first day, found on the ground before the ark and second day, found beheaded and hands cut off with the body on the ground before the Ark 

iii. Plague – death, rats and tumors 

iv. Move – to a different city; same result; third attempt refused by Ekron 

D. Return the Ark 

i. Priests and Diviners – send it back with a guilt offering; five gold rats and five gold tumors 

ii. Cart and two milk cows – cows would normally head back to their calves or might get lost and wander aimlessly; then it would be coincidence 

iii. Test – follow it and watch where it goes; straight into Israel 

iv. Beth-Shemesh – priestly city; sacrifice the cows; Shiloh destroyed so no place to take the ark 

1. Judgment – 70 men looked into the ark and died 

v. Kiriath Jearim – given to a Levitical family to watch over; stays there for almost a century; 20 years before Samuel gathers the people 

E. Defeat of the Philistines 

i. Ebenezer – standing stone; “till now the Lord has helped us” 

ii. Samuel judges Israel – lives in Ramah where he was born; travels around throughout Israel 

IV. Samuel and Saul 

A. Samuel – old; turns over leadership to his sons 

i. Joel and Abijah – wicked sons; pervert justice 

B. Request for a king – like the nations around them 

i. Samuel’s warning – life under a king will be worse than the life they have now 

ii. God grants their request – they have rejected God, not Samuel 

C. Saul 

i. Son of Kish – Benjamite, important man of standing 

ii. Handsome and tall – humble also; looks the part of a king 

iii. Missing donkeys – decide to ask the prophet in Ramah 

iv. Anointed king – sign: meet a procession of prophets and you too will prophesy 

D. Gathering of the tribes 

i. Lot – first Benjamin, then clans, then family, then Saul

ii. Saul is hiding – brought out; crowned king; seems to be exactly the right one 

E. Duties and responsibilities of a king 

i. Samuel – speaks to the people then writes it down on a scroll 

ii. Saul returns home 

1. Valiant men – go with him; moved by God to support Saul 

F. Ammonites 

i. Attack Jabesh Gilead 

1. Treaty – cost of right eyes of everyone 

ii. Messengers to Saul – tell us what to do; first test of his kingship 

iii. Spirit of the Lord 

1. Sacrifice of oxen – sends pieces throughout Israel; call to action 

iv. Victory 

1. Kingship renewed at Gilgal – Samuel’s farewell; reminds them it was a sinful desire for a king 

V. Saul’s Sin, Part 1 

A. Conflict with the Philistines – had been ruling as king for two years; establishes a standing army; Jonathan, son of Saul, attacks the Philistines; pride seems to have crept in to Saul’s kingship 

B. Fear – failed to measure the strength of the enemy; people begin to panic 

C. Unlawful sacrifices – people deserting Saul; Samuel was delayed; Saul offers the sacrifices himself; doesn’t repent – tries to explain his reasons 

D. Judgment – God has rejected you; someone else will be the new king; Saul’s dynasty is the punishment 

E. Jonathan’s victory – leads the Israelites against the Philistines; Saul’s rash vow to kill anyone who isn’t fasting; soldiers protect Jonathan; Jonathan walked in faith to God though his father did not; poor leadership on the part of Saul 

F. Warfare on every side – God gives Saul many victories 

VI. Saul’s Sin, Part 2 

A. Amalekites – God commands total destruction 

B. Saul’s victory 

C. Disobedience – spares the king, the best of the plunder; offers the leftovers to God; penalty – rule without God 

D. God rejects Saul – Saul lies to Samuel about what he and the people have done 

E. Saul begs for Samuel’s forgiveness – argues with Samuel and begs but doesn’t offer true repentance to God 

F. Samuel’s departure – killing of Agag; leaves Saul permanently; Samuel grieves for Saul 

G. Forty-two year reign – became king at 30 

VII. Applications 

A. We need to be thankful, humble, and merciful in prosperity 

B. Persistent prayer shapes us into faithful people 

C. God’s leaders need to raise obedient children – as much as it is in our power 

D. Obedience leads to blessings, disobedience to punishment 

E. God desires faithfulness, not success 

F. God wants us to listen and obey when He calls us 

1 Samuel 3:10 (ESV) 

10 And the LORD came and stood, calling as at other times, “Samuel! Samuel!” And Samuel said, “Speak, for your servant hears.”